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Вы здесь » gengo-chan » айны: история и антропология » айны: физическая антропология Ainu: materials on physical anthroplogy


айны: физическая антропология Ainu: materials on physical anthroplogy

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Munro prooves that Jomon people were Ainu: Ainu - Jomon

сравнение реконструированного облика человека эпохи Дзёмон (слева) и человека эпохи Яёй (справа)
a comparison of reconstructed appearance of man of Jomon (left) and man of Yayoi (right)
http://s4.uploads.ru/t/Rn1Wh.png

дзёмонский человек
http://www.united-brain.co.jp/koga-jiyo.jpg

яёйский человек
http://www.united-brain.co.jp/koga-yay.jpg

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Hanihara K. Dual Structure Model for the Formation of the Japanese Population // International Symposium on Japanese as a member of the Asian and Pacific population /Ed. Hanihara K. September 25 – 29 1990, Kyoto

http://shinku.nichibun.ac.jp/jpub/pdf/jr/IJ0201.pdf

хорошая годная схема из этой же статьи, иллюстрирующая происхождение айнов и окинавцев от людей дзёмон, происходящих из Юго-Восточной Азии
this is a good valid scheme showing that Ainu and Okinawan originated from Jomon people which originated from South-East Asia
http://farm2.static.flickr.com/1360/1461569924_78e6f20a66_o.gif

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Yamaguchi Bin Skeletal Morphology of the Jomon People// International Symposium on Japanese as a member of the Asian and Pacific population /Ed. Hanihara K. September 25 – 29 1990, Kyoto

Ямагути Бин Скелетная морфология людей Дзёмон

с. 53

Abstract

The Jomon people were different from modern Japanese with many distinctive skeletal characters, such as prominent glabella and nasal bones, broad and low face, edge-to-edge bite, long disctal limb segments, flat tibial shaft and so on. Most of these characteristics are shared by the modern Ainu in Hokkaido. The modern Japanese, on the other hand, share theirs characteristic features, such as flat frontnasal profile, prohecting upper incisors, relatively short distal limb segments, and so on, with the Mongoloid peoples in the Asiatic mainland.
Drastic physical changes occured to the Japanese inhabitants during the Yayoi and Kofun periods under strong genetic and cultural influences of the immigrants from the mainland who introduced agriculture and other technology to these islands. The influences spread rapidly over Honshu but slowed down as they went to the north, thus allowing tthe Ainu to retain physical characters of the native Jomon population.
The Jomon-Ainu cluster is quite isolated morphologically among the Neolithic and later populations in East Asia. They share many archaic characters with the Upper-Palaeolithic population in Eurasia. Among the fossil sapiens remains from East Asia, the Liujiang skull from South China and Minatogawa skull I from Okinawa are relatively close to the Jomon, while the Zhoukoudian Upper Cave series from Beijing is rather remote.

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http://i53.tinypic.com/2jb1r8z.gif
сопоставление  черепа эпохи дзёмон и черепа исторического айну по продольному и поперечному разрезу, источник – N.G. Munro Prehistoric Japan, 1911 с. 669;

a comparison of Jomon skull and modern Ainu skull by their longitudinaland transverse section, source - N.G. Munro Prehistoric Japan, 1911, p. 669

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The Okinawans and the Ainu are direct descendants of the Jōmon people from South East Asia, hunters, gatherers, and fishermen (ca. 8000 B.C.- ca. 400 B.C.).

Author: Miki Y. Ishikida
Title: Living Together: Minority People and Disadvantaged Groups in Japan
Publisher: iUniverse, Inc. (June 2005)
ISBN: 0595350496

http://www.usjp.org/livingtogether_en/l … ts_en.html

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http://s2.uploads.ru/t/2bmnI.jpg

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c0/C%3DM130-Migration.jpg

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18951391

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